One of the most important factors taken into consideration during the design, construction and testing stages. Safety has been increased thanks to:

  • shortening the stopping distance (active safety),
  • construction to increase safety in case of accidents (passive safety): under the characteristic aerodynamic "nose", elements to absorb the impact energy and reduce the forces acting on passengers (particularly those in the first coach) during braking are installed. The total amount of energy which can be absorbed is 6 megajoules (1 megajoule roughly corresponds to the kinetic energy of a 1 t vehicle travelling at 160 km/h),
  • safety of the passengers: every multiple unit is equipped with a CCTV system with 2 digital video recorders. The CCTV screen is installed in the conductor's compartment to allow staff to monitor the interior. Every coach is also equipped with a service call system comprising buttons located near every single and double seat, under the luggage rack and in every business compartment.


The unit has been designed so as to ensure minimum noise inside, even at maximum speed. The unit's structure has been improved to prevent external noises from getting inside via an aerodynamically improved roof. The acoustic insulation of the running gear has also been improved. Shock absorbing elements have been incorporated into the wheel (between its centre and the rim) to reduce the noise generated by the moving unit. The drive system allows for a decrease of the negative influence of forces during acceleration and braking and reduces vibration.


PKP Intercity S.A. increases the comfort of travel by putting new advanced, comfortable and safe trains into operation. A rail vehicle's quality is determined by its usability. This is why PKP Intercity S.A. focuses on functionality, reliability and durability of rolling stock.